Relationship between the etiology of acute pancreatitis and its clinical features in Asian patients
Background: Acute pancreatitis is a common gastrointestinal disorder with a multifactorial etiology that varies among different geographic regions. In Asian patients, the most common causes of acute pancreatitis are gallstones and alcohol consumption, but the clinical features of the disease may differ depending on the etiology.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the etiology of acute pancreatitis and its clinical features in Asian patients.
Methodology: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 250 Asian patients with acute pancreatitis who were admitted to our hospital between 2018 and 2022.
Results: Our results showed that gallstones were the most common etiology of acute pancreatitis (56%), followed by alcohol consumption (28%), and idiopathic causes (16%). Patients with gallstone-related pancreatitis were more likely to present with biliary colic and jaundice, while patients with alcohol-related pancreatitis had a higher incidence of pancreatic necrosis and systemic complications.
Conclusion: The etiology of acute pancreatitis has a significant impact on the clinical presentation and severity of the disease in Asian patients, and should be taken into account when planning the management and treatment of the condition.
Keywords: Acute Pancreatitis, Asians, Etiology